Understanding treatment failure

When considering a regimen change, it is important to examine the reasons for treatment failure to prevent the same problems from occurring again.

Treatment failure can come in the form of virological failure (uncontrolled viral load), immunological failure (CD4 cell count decline), and clinical progression (occurrence of an AIDS-related illness or event after three months or more on antiretroviral therapy). Generally, treatment failure occurs in that order, but not in everyone. 

Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap

This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.

NAM’s information is intended to support, rather than replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. Talk to your doctor or another member of your healthcare team for advice tailored to your situation.