Other issues

Published: 30 June 2012

The guidelines do not recommend repeat testing for most groups of patients, except when a recent infection may not have been identified because of the ‘window period’ (the time after HIV infection when tests are unable to detect infection).

Nonetheless men who have sex with men and injecting drug users should be offered an annual HIV test. However, annual tests are not specifically recommended for people from high-prevalence countries.

In terms of testing technology, fourth-generation assays (which test both for HIV antibody and p24 antigen) are recommended. The guidelines recommend that results should be available within 72 hours.

The guidelines also cover the testing of babies, children and adolescents – for more information see the relevant section. Similarly, testing in pregnancy is covered elsewhere.

This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.
Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap
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This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.

NAM’s information is intended to support, rather than replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. Talk to your doctor or another member of your healthcare team for advice tailored to your situation.