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Food safety

If you have a strong immune system, your risk of getting food poisoning is no greater than it is for an HIV-negative person.However, there are precautions we should all take to prevent food poisoning.

If you have a low CD4 cell count (under 200), you may be more vulnerable to food poisoning. Taking HIV treatment will help strengthen your immune system and reduce the risk of infections.

Following general advice about the preparation, cooking and storage of food can also help reduce the risk of food poisoning.

The following tips might be useful:

  • Cooked food should be kept in the fridge and eaten within two days. Portions should be frozen if you wish to keep them for longer than two days.
  • Make sure that food is thoroughly reheated if it has already been cooked.
  • Avoid food that is mouldy or has passed its sell-by date, and eggs that have cracked.
  • Wash fruit and vegetables thoroughly.
  • Keep chopping and preparation surfaces clean.
  • Make sure that uncooked food is kept separate from cooked food.

If you have a weakened immune system, you should also:

  • Avoid raw meat, raw fish, raw eggs, and undercooked chicken, other poultry or pork.
  • Avoid unpasteurised and blue cheeses (such as brie or stilton), and unpasteurised milk and yoghurt.
  • Avoid live yoghurt and probiotic drinks and supplements.

Nutrition

Published August 2016

Last reviewed August 2016

Next review August 2019

Contact NAM to find out more about the scientific research and information used to produce this booklet.

This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.
Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap
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This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.

NAM’s information is intended to support, rather than replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. Talk to your doctor or another member of your healthcare team for advice tailored to your situation.